Back in 2014 I made a global warming bet with economists Bryan Caplan and Alex Tabarrok about global temperatures over the following 15 years (2015-2029) compared with the previous 15 years (2000-2014). The bet can be illustrated with this graphic, so I’m calling it our “traffic light” bet:
The short version is that the red line at 0.89°C represents average temperatures during the first 3 years of our 15-year betting period; the yellow line at 0.66°C shows the finish line for the bet: if the red line is above the yellow line after another 12 years then I win the bet, and otherwise they win the bet; and the green line at 0.60°C shows how high average temperatures can be over the next 12 years for Bryan and Alex to win the bet. So there’s good news for Bryan and Alex: they can still win our global warming bet if average temperatures for the next 12 years are about 0.3°C lower than the average for the past 3 years!
The long version starts with a 2014 tweet from Bryan to me:
How long must the pause continue before you switch from "do something" to "wait and see," @standupecon? http://t.co/UHdmzOUfze
— Bryan Caplan (@bryan_caplan) June 5, 2014
Bryan and I ended up making a bet about whether the NOAA global land-ocean average for 2015-2029 (the first 3 years of which is represented by the red line) would be more or less than the average for 2000-2014 plus 0.05°C (the yellow line). Bryan asked me for 2 to 1 odds, but I was so confident I gave him 3 to 1 odds. (Keep in mind that IPCC 2007 projected warming of 0.2C per decade for the next two decades, and IPCC 2013 said something similar.) I was also confident enough to suggest an “exploding bet”—where the amount doubles every year unless someone gives in—but he declined. So Bryan and I bet his $333.33 against my $1000, and then for good measure I gave his colleague Alex Tabarrok 5 to 1 odds, his $200 against my $1000, on the same topic:
@bryan_caplan yes, once we clarify concerns of @wonkinakilt You're betting avg(2015-2029)-avg(2000-2014)<=0.05C, yes? If so I accept!
— Yoram Bauman (@standupecon) June 10, 2014
@ATabarrok @tobheld @bryan_caplan Okay Alex, it's a deal! $200 versus $1000, 5-1 odds, same topic as my 3-1 bet with Bryan. #CantWait42030
— Yoram Bauman (@standupecon) July 6, 2014
So far it’s not looking so good for the Bryan and Alex side of the bet. Of course, there’s another 12 years left, and 2015-2016 featured a big El Nino, and maybe there will be a big volcanic eruption, etc. etc.
I’ll post another update in a year or three, but for now let me confess that I’m not so good at econometrics—I’ll leave that to folks like Steve Levitt, who noted in his 2009 book Superfreakonomics that “a little-discussed fact [is that] over the past several years, the average global temperature… has in fact decreased“—but I will humbly suggest that you take a good look at the following image, which shows the raw data from the “traffic light” graph, before you write me to ask if you can throw your money on the table as well:
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